Land reform in the Philippines
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Property reform inside the Philippines has for ages been a good issue grounded in the Philippines's Spanish Colonial Period. Some attempts began through the American Colonial time Period with renewed initiatives during the Earth, following freedom, during Martial Law and particularly following the Persons Power Wave in 1986. The present law, theComprehensive Agrarian Change Program, was passed following revolution and recently expanded until 2014. Contents
1 ) 1 American period
1 . 2 Commonwealth Period
1 ) 2 . 1 Rice Share Tenancy Act of 1933
1 ) 3 Independence
1 ) 4 Ramon Magsaysay administration
1 . 5 Macapagal supervision
1 . 5. 1 Land Reform Code
1 ) 6 Marcos government
1 . 7 Corazon Aquino government
1 . 8 Ramos administration
1 ) 9 Arroyo government
2 Comprehensive Rustic Reform Program
3 See likewise
5 External links
Much like Mexico and other Spanish groupe in the Americas, the Spanish settlement inside the Philippines revolved around theencomienda system of plantations, well-known as haciendas. Since the nineteenth Century advanced, industrialization and liberalization of trade allowed these encomiendas to expand their cash crops, establishing a strong sugar market in the Philippines on such destinations and Panay and Negros. American period
The United States of America took own the Korea following the Spanish-American War in 1898 and after writing the subsequent rebellion in the Philippine-American War. The Second Philippine Commission, the Taft Commission, viewed economic creation as one of its top three goals. In 1901 93% in the islands' property area was held by the federal government and William Howard Taft, Governor-General of the Thailand, argued for any liberal plan so that an excellent portion could be sold off to American investors. Instead, the United States Our elected representatives, influenced by simply agricultural interests that did not want competition from the Thailand, in the 1902 Land Action, set a establish limit of 16 hectares of land being sold or leased to American people and one particular, 024 hectares to American corporations. This and a economic downturn in the expense environment disappointed the foreign-owned plantations prevalent in British Malaya, the Dutch East Indies, and French Indochina. Further he U. S. Federal Government faced the condition of much of the private area being owned by the Roman Catholic Church and controlled by Spanish clerics. The American government—officially secular, hostile to continuing Spanish control of much of the terrain of the now-American colony, and long hostile to Catholics—negotiated money with the House of worship over the land. The 1902 Philippine Organic and natural Act was a constitution pertaining to the Insular Government, since the U. S. municipal administration was known. This kind of act, among other activities, disestablished the Catholic Chapel as the state religion. The usa government, in an effort to resolve the status from the friars, discussed with the Vatican. The cathedral agreed to sell off the friars' estates and promised steady substitution of Filipino and also other non-Spanish priests for the friars. It refused, however , to take away the spiritual orders through the islands instantly, partly to stop offending Italy. In 1904 the operations bought intended for $7. a couple of million the major part of the friars' holdings, amounting to some 166, 000 hectares (410, 500 acres), that one-half was at the for 10 million baht in thailand (divide that by three for the rest of the developed world). Manila. The land was eventually re-sold to Filipinos, some of them tenants but the majority of them real estate owners. Earth Period
During the American Imperialiste Period, tenant farmers complained regarding the sharecropping system, along with by the dramatic increase in populace which added economic pressure to the tenant farmers' families. As a result, an agrarian reformprogram was initiated by the Commonwealth. However , success with the program was hampered by ongoing clashes between tenants...
References: installment payments on your Jump up^ Seekins, Donald Meters. (1993), " The 1st Phase of United States Guideline, 1898-1935", in Dolan, Ronald E., Philippines: A Country Study (4th ed. ), Washington, M. C.: Federal Research Section, Library of Congress, retrieved 2007-12-25
three or more
5. ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Manapat, Carlos, ou al. Economics, Taxation, and Agrarian Reform. Quezon City: C& E Pub., 2010. Print.
almost eight. Jump up^ " Republic Act No . 3844�: The Agricultural Land Change Code from the Philippines". September 8, 1963.
12. ^ Jump up to: a b c Russell Arador (2007-05-04). " Your life once 'sweeter ' for Hacienda Luisita". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Gathered 2008-03-25.
15. ^ Jump about: a b c d e Yap, DJ (June 29, 2013). " 4 haciendas distributed; 270 sugar farmers cheer". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved twenty nine June 2013.