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A gamelan is a traditional musical ensemble from Indonesia, commonly from the destinations of Java and Bali, having a variety of instruments such asmetallophones,  xylophones,  kendang (drums) and gongs;  bamboo flutes, bowed and plucked strings.  Vocalists may also be included. For most Indonesians, gamelan music is an important part of Indonesian traditions.[1] The term refers more to the set of musical instruments than to the players of those instruments. A gamelan is actually a set of tools as a distinct entity, constructed and configured to stay together – instruments from different gamelan are generally not compatible. Contents �[hide]� 5. 1 Terminology * 2 History of gamelan music * 3 Varieties of gamelan ensembles 5. 4 Cultural circumstance * 5 Tuning * 6 Notation * 7 Influence on Western music 2. 8 Influence about contemporary music * 9 Gamelan outside Philippines * 10 See also * 11 References 5. 12 Further reading * doze. 1 Balinese gamelan * doze. 2 Javanese gamelan * 13 External links| -------------------------------------------------

[edit]Terminology

The word gamelan, mentioning only to the instruments, originates from the low Javanese word gamel, referring to a type of sludge hammer like a blacksmith's hammer.[2] The term karawitan refers to the playing of gamelan instruments, and comes from the word rawit, that means 'intricate' or 'finely worked'.[2] The word comes from the Javanese word of Sanskrit origin,  rawit, which refers to the smooth, beautiful sense idealised in Javanese music. One other word using this root,  pangrawit, means a person with this sense, and is also used while an honorific when discussing esteemed gamelan musicians. The high Javanese word for gamelan is gangsa, formed both from the words tembaga and rejasa (copper and tin) or tiga and sedasa (three and ten), mentioning the materials used in bronze gamelan development or all their proportions.[3] -------------------------------------------------

[edit]History of gamelan music

Musicians performing music ensemble, sculpture ofBorobudur

Gamelan orchestra (1870-1891)

The gamelan predates the Hindu-Buddhist culture that completely outclassed Indonesia in the earliest data and instead symbolizes a local art form. The instruments developed into their current form during the Majapahit Empire.[4] In contrast towards the heavy Indian influence in other art varieties, the only obvious Indian influence in gamelan music with the Javanese style of singing, in addition to the topics of the Wayang kulit (shadow puppet plays).[5] In Javanese mythology, the gamelan was created by simply Sang Hyang Guru in Saka era 167 (c. AD 230), the god who reigned over as california king of all Java from a palace around the Maendra hill in Medang Kamulan (now Mount Lawu). He needed a signal to call the gods and thus made the tantan. For more complex messages, he invented two other gongs, thus forming the original gamelan set.[6] The earliest image of a musical ensemble is found for the 8th century Borobudur temple, Central Java. Musical tools such as the bamboo bedding flute, alarms, drums in various sizes, lute, and bowed and plucked string instruments had been identified in this image. However it lacks metallophones and xylophones. Nevertheless, the image of this audio ensemble is suggested to be the old form of the gamelan. Inside the palaces of Java are the earliest known whole suit, the Munggang and Kodokngorek gamelans, obviously from the 12th century. These kinds of formed the foundation of a " loud style". A different, " soft style" developed out of the kemanak tradition and is related to the customs of singing Javanese poetry, in a manner which can be often thought to be similar to overall performance of modern bedhaya dance. In the seventeenth century, these kinds of loud and soft designs mixed, and to a large degree the variety of modern gamelan kinds of Bali, Java, and Sunda resulted via different ways of mixing these elements. Hence, despite the seeming diversity of styles, lots of the same assumptive concepts, tools,...

References: Performers performing audio ensemble, sculpture ofBorobudur

Gamelan orchestra (1870-1891)

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